The first resolution of the Communist Party of China on Women’s Sports
Original title: The first resolution of the Communist Party of China In 1920, Li Dazhao, Cai Husi and other revolutionary pioneers issued an article in "new youth", calling on women to break through feudal etiquette, and set up their own spirit and strive for their own liberation. In September 1921, the Chinese Women’s Communist Party, which is leading the "New Youth" published "Reform Deconstruction", clearly proposes: "Ask the woman to get in all schools, and the man is subject to equal education, asking women to have the right to elective rights, The right to be elected and engaged in other political activities, equal pay for men and women, followed by helping adult women, all speech behaviors are not covered by parents, Weng Gun, and after the release of the Declaration, Cai Hesen, Li Da, China Send a number of meetings, research, and explore the purpose of "women’s movement", development direction, etc. According to collective discussions, a report on women’s movements was proposed to prepare for the Second National Congress of the Communist Party of China.
In July 1922, the party’s "two" considered adopted the "resolution on women’s movements" (hereinafter referred to as "resolution"), showing that the cognition of the "Women’s Sports" is no longer limited to men and women equality, economy Independent, freedom of marriage, etc. According to the "resolution", the Chinese Women’s Federation founded the first institution to report "Women’s Sound", Li Da, Cai Hi Sen, to write, prepare and interpret, publicize the "resolution", Shao Lizi, Shen Zemin, Shen Ying Waiting for a well-known person to send a manuscript that supports the "resolution" multiple times in "Women".
Soon, party organizations such as Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and other cities have also founded newspapers and magazines such as "Women’s Weekly" "Friends" "Female Star". According to statistics, from 1922 to 1927, the Chinese Communist Party’s leadership published women’s newspapers, magazines, more than 18 species, these newspapers and periodical guides clearly, the position is firmly promoted the party’s political proposition and women’s movement, in evoking women awakening, promoting women’s liberation process Plays a huge role. In 1922, Shanghai Xinzhu, Zhabei, a weaving factory, spinning mill Lin Li, there is more than 1 million female workers, they work 14-15 hours a day, often suffer from the forecast of the forefront, the female workers have a resentment, anger burn. To the police, they often go deep into the middle of the female worker, and the spirit of the revolution and the spirit of the "resolution", motivating them to unite, and reboot.
On August 5, the same year, under the planning, leadership, the Thai silk factory took the lead in strike, requiring capitalists to reduce workers, increase salary, not to fight. The feat of the female worker is like the original star fire, less than two days, Yu Chengshi Factory, Fengshui Factory, Yujing Textile Factory and other 14 factory whatever female workers have strike.
For a time, Shanghai Bohe Yun Yun Yun, the voice of strike struggles, the Chinese Women’s Federation, Huayong Community Association, and Industrial and Commercial Friendship Association, "Textile Workers Support Group", providing female workers with economical and material support.
The strike lasts for 16 days, and finally forced capitalists to agreed the workers’ requirements. After the "resolution", the Chinese Communist Party leads the first victory of women’s struggles. The first "resolution of women’s movements" is the program of the national conditions of China. It has established a goal for women’s movements, indicating the direction, guiding and operability, and play a positive role in promoting women’s liberation. .